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No Till Gardening: Create a No-Till Garden and Retire Your Tiller Forever

It is a wonderful feeling to discover a gardening hack that saves you time and effort without decreasing the health of your garden. Imagine the extra time you would have by adapting to no-till gardening! But, guess what? Not only can you save time with a no-till garden, but you can actually improve the quality of your soil that way too! Win-win!

pinterest graphic for no till gardening

If you are looking for some of the best gardening hacks when it comes to growing an organic garden, look no further!

My friend Shawna Coronado is an incredibly talented gardener, promoter of green lifestyles, and garden-hack pro. Today, Shawna joins us today to share the details on how to create a no-till garden from her wonderful book 101 Organic Gardening Hacks.

Read on for Shawna’s methods on no-till gardening and grab a copy of the book. If you like this time-saving, soil-improving, organic gardening hack, you’ll love the other 100!

Note: This post was originally a guest post from Shawna, and was updated in April of 2020 to add more information about no-till gardening. Quotes used throughout are excerpted from Shawna Cornado’s 101 Organic Gardening Hacks © by Shawna Coronado. Used with permission from Cool Springs Press.

Improve Soil with a No-Till Garden

No-Till Gardening Guide

“If you love your soil, stop flipping it over.” – Shawna Coronado

Sometimes the best way to improve something is to let it be. A no-till garden is a perfect example! And,  creating one also means less work for you.

Imagine building a large garden without having to turn the soil over in your garden beds.

According to Shawna, “Turning soil kills the microbes living beneath the ground that contribute to a healthier root system by living symbiotically with your roots. There are billions of bacteria, millions of fungi, thousands of protozoa, and scores of other nematodes and organisms found in one small tablespoon of healthy soil.”

Hacking your garden soil with a few simple no-till tips can make for hugely successful growing because you keep those vital creatures alive and happy in your garden beds.

A no-till garden has other benefits too!

“Because you are consistently smothering weeds with mulch or compost, they struggle to grow there, and an undisturbed, enriched soil requires far less fertilizer in order to support successful plants,” Coronado said. “The no-till technique works in almost any garden space and can help grow extremely healthy organic vegetables and herbs.”

No-Dig Organic Garden

Before I turn the reins over to Shawna to share how to create your own no-till garden, I wanted to tell you a little bit about my good friend, Kevin from Epic Gardening. As an urban gardener myself, I was delighted when he took the time to review my new book, Garden Alchemy, and I let him know about this no-till gardening post.

He shared that he had gone to visit Charles Dowding’s legendary no-dig garden in the U.K. and had even done a video with him!

So, if you are wondering what a no-dig organic even looks like, take a look at this video below and follow along with Kevin as he tours the amazing Charles Dowding’s organic no-dig garden!

YouTube video

That was amazing. Thanks for sharing, Kevin!

Now, are you ready to start your own garden using this technique? I am!

Back to you, Shawna!

How to Create a No-Till Garden

Never till your garden again with this hack

Here are some of the best tips and hacks I have learned from Shawna when it comes to creating my very own no-till garden.

Shawna says: “Instead of turning your soil over for a garden, start by removing all of the grass, either by stripping the sod or smothering the grass (see Hack 79: “Kill Grass by Smothering It”).”

Here is the process of how to create a no-till garden, directly from Shawna herself:

1. Spread A Layer of Compost

The first thing you want to do is spread a 2-inch layer of rotted manure or compost on top of the bare soil. Do not turn the soil over. That’s it. No tilling, no digging. Just spread this out.

2. Dig Holes

Next, you are going to dig holes to plant your plants. How deep will you dig? This depends on your plant! Look up the planting techniques for each plant before you dig.

3. Mulch The Garden

If this is your first year, then you need to mulch your garden. Use wood chips or any another natural mulch such as pine needles, rotted leaves, or straw. Mulch protects your garden from invasive weeds so make sure to not skip this step.

4. Leave the Roots In the Ground

After the harvest at the end of the season, do not pull out the vegetable or herb plants by the root; cut their stems at the base of the soil and leave the roots in the ground to overwinter and eventually rot. Compost the cut plant matter.

5. Spread Out More Compost

When you are ready to plant your garden again in the next planting year, cover the garden with another 2-inch layer of compost. You won’t have to till your garden or turn the soil. Just spread out more compost and you are ready to create your garden all over again.

6. Do Not Pull Out Roots

When planting new vegetables and herbs, only pull out roots from the previous year if they block an area for a new plant. Be sure to rotate the crop so that no plant from the previous season is planted in the same location in the current year.Front Lawn No-Till Vegetable Garden Design

7. How to Take Care of Soil In Each Planting Year

There is a specific method you need to follow in each consecutive planting year. Shawna has already shown us above how to plant a no-till garden in the first two years.

Here is what you do in the 3rd planting year and beyond.

  1. In your third planting year, follow the same practices, but add a layer of mulch instead of a layer of compost.
  2. In your fourth planting year, follow the same practices, but add a layer of soil instead of a layer of mulch.
  3. In the fifth planting year, follow the same practices, but add a layer of rotted manure instead of a layer of soil.
  4. In the sixth planting year, follow the same practices, but add a layer of compost instead of rotted manure.
  5. Continue every season layering up the compost, mulch, soil, and rotted manure without ever turning over the soil.

No Till Gardening: Garden Compost

One of the most important parts of a no-till garden is the compost!

You can actually make your own healthy soil out of old fruits and vegetables. If this is your first time ever composting, I suggest reading this composting guide first. It demystifies the entire process and explains it so you can do it.

There are three parts to composting: energy materials, bulking agents, and air and water. Once you learn the easy recipe, you can start making your own compost.

Then, you’ll turn this compost into nutrient-rich soil that will give you the no-till garden of your dreams!

More Gardening Tips

Whether it is your first garden or you are just looking for tips as an experienced gardener, I hope you find these articles helpful.

About Shawna

Shawna Coronado

Shawna Coronado is an author, columnist, blogger, photographer, and spokesperson for organic gardening, green lifestyle living, and culinary preparation who campaigns for social good. Shawna’s goal in authoring gardening and green lifestyle books is to promote a world initiative to encourage healthy and sustainable living. She was featured as a Chicago Tribune “Remarkable Woman” and speaks internationally on building community, simple urban garden living, and green lifestyle tips for the everyday person. Shawna lives in the western suburbs of Chicago where she has a famous front lawn vegetable garden. You can learn more about her at


  1. Although, I love getting down and dirty, as soon as the weather warms up, (I live in Winnipeg, MB, with our long winters, I am eager) . But if I wait a bit, I am rewarded with seedlings from the previous year, such as Snapdragons, Zinnias and sunflowers. Truly a gift from Mother Nature.

  2. I love these hacks, though I have gardened for years I can always learn more. I use coffee grounds and Epsom Salts round my tomatoes, they really help them

  3. Hi and thank you!
    I have two raised plots on stilts built for us seniors at the community garden by the Boy Scouts. The boxes were initially 5-6″ deep but we have added 4″ depth to most of them. They have a drain hole in one corner which connects to a pvc elbow to allow drainage into a 24″ deep 12″ x 32″ box built on the ground, initially meant for tomatoes but I have tried that once and no luck. Since we have a trellis pre-built on that side, beans and peas work great.
    This is my third year gardening with these. The upper box itself was first lined with black plastic film. I am sure there are tears in this lining, and the drainage hole gets clogged at times. I have one of them disconnected to drain into a plastic bucket instead and use that water to water with.
    Well, I have been fighting bugs (mostly ants and sow bugs) and algae, mushrooms…smells….I don’t scrimp on buying potting soil. I get Dr Earth or Ednas’ best, add some vermiculite, coffee grounds, egg shells…I won Gardner of the month last year for being the first one to really get harvests in the boxes.
    But my question is: Should I continue adding good soil and watching the watering excess ?(no automatic waterers on these). I pull out plants and replace them with no plan, no schedule, but trying to utilize empty space. We have been cautioned not to leave root matter because of the set up. I have used so much organic spray to fight dusty mildew, diatomaceous earth for ants and sow bugs, sluggo plus for sow bugs….I don’t know what else to do. The Prez said to completely clean out and start over in my first box. I rebelled and am paying for it.
    Have you had experience with boxes like This? I am income challenged and really can’t afford the real ground plots, plus the constant bending over is detrimental with my spinal maladies and age. I do plan on using more pots in my area, which are easier to drain, clean and replace soil one by one.
    Thank you!

    • I wonder if your bugs are caused by the plastic liner. You don’t say where you garden. Is the amount of pest normal for your area? I garden in raised beds in ground. I have about 12″ soil above ground. I am in the Pacific Northwest. I am bothered by slugs, but my garden grows beautifully. I add compost when planting each year, but don’t do anything special. I have seen a lot online about using compost tea. Supposed to strengthen plants and make them less susceptible to pests. Good luck.

    • Hi Vallerie, I think that bugs are a natural part of the ecosystem and that component doesn’t sound like an issue to me. But there were three other things you wrote that raised red flags for me: 1. the drainage is clogged, 2. there is a stink, and 3. you are getting disease (mildew). All of these point to drainage issues and watering. Can you add more drainage holes? Soil should never stink, and if it does, it is not healthy. To prevent mildew, try watering the soil (not the leaves) to stop spreading it as it is transferred by water. Does this help?


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