How to create a bug hotel for overwintering beneficial insects in your home garden.

Build a Bug Hotel

A bug hotel is part garden art and part winter habitat for beneficial insects, the garden army that helps to keep the bad bugs under control. If you are an organic gardener like me, then you will want to be sure that there is a place in your garden for beneficial insects to lodge for the winter. Next spring, when they wake up, lay eggs, and sweep your plants clean of aphids and mites, you will thank me. Here is how to make one for this weekend project.How to create a bug hotel for overwintering beneficial insects in your home garden.


Build a Bug Hotel

How to create a bug hotel for overwintering beneficial insects in your home garden.

Oftentimes these decorative displays of plant material intended to provide shelter to overwintering insects are called “bug hotels” or “insect houses.” Perhaps they should be called “bug hostels” because the rooms are available to all but they do need to bring their own sleeping bag. Ok, so bugs don’t have sleeping bags, but some do bring their eggs or larva (sorry) for winter protection and gestation, while others have been known to fill up the hole with mud behind them. Setting up different protected areas in your bug hostel will let the bugs find a room that suits them and prepare it as they wish.

bug hotel


Many garden bees are ground dwellers so they won’t have a need for a hotel room. They will dig a little hole in the soil for winter hibernation and you may see some groggy bumblebees when you are out digging in early spring if you wake them too early. Solitary bees, however, like to nest in hollow stems for the winter. Contrary to their title, they will often pack a number of bees in a stem before closing off the opening with some mud and then having a good snooze until spring.


Ladybugs like to overwinter as large groups in between dry plant material. Some twigs packed together give the ladybugs plenty of room to squeeze in and wait for warmer days and eating aphids. More about ladybugs as garden helpers in this post on attracting beneficial insects.

Beetles, Spiders, Lacewings and Friends

Many other insects will have all sorts of nesting needs. By providing a variety of plant material in your bug hostel you will encourage all sorts of garden friends to lodge.  How can you be sure that you are only providing shelter for beneficial insects? Well, you can’t. It’s a tough world out there and at times bad bugs (earwigs – yuck!!) will move in. Some may even eat their neighbors. You can’t control what happens in the bug hostel, just trust that if you provide enough space for the good guys, you can create balance in the garden.

How to create a bug hotel for overwintering beneficial insects in your home garden.


  • Cut bamboo pieces, stems, twigs, seed heads, pinecones, wood shavings, lichen
  • Using 3/4″ thick cedar or other rot-resistant wood. Cut the following pieces:
    • top: 5 1/2″(h) x 5 1/2″(w)
    • bottom: 5 1/2″(h) x 5 1/2″(w)
    • back panel: 12″(h) x 5 1/2″(w)
    • left panel: 12″(h) x 4 3/4″(w)
    • right panel: 12″(h) x 4 3/4″(w)
  • Weather-resistant screws between 1 1/4″ 1 1/2″ long. #6 or #8 size
  • Drill
  • Hanging hardware

Make it!

1. Cut cedar boards to the dimensions listed using a table saw or have them cut at your local hardware store if you don’t have one.How to create a bug hotel for overwintering beneficial insects in your home garden.

2. Screw the box together by drilling pilot holes first through.

How to create a bug hotel for overwintering beneficial insects in your home garden.

3. Arrange plant materials within the structure, packed tightly so it will stay put, but with lots of available crevices for the bugs.

How to create a bug hotel for overwintering beneficial insects in your home garden.

4. Affix hanging hardware and hang in an area of the garden that is close to where you want the bugs next season.

How to create a bug hotel for overwintering beneficial insects in your home garden.

I chose to hang the bug hotel on my fence near the garden so the insects will emerge next spring near the plants.
How to create a bug hotel for overwintering beneficial insects in your home garden.

More Organic Gardening Ideas

I have plenty more articles here on Garden Therapy and my other blogs about organic gardening and beneficial insects as I am a passionate organic gardener!


About the Author : Stephanie Rose

A city girl who learned to garden and it changed everything. Author, artist, Master Gardener. Better living through plants.

View all posts by Stephanie Rose

  1. Liz @ Infuse With Liz
    Liz @ Infuse With LizSeptember 24,12

    Wow, that’s really neat- what a cute idea- Bug Hotel! I just saw some of those tubes for bees yesterday. I guess I never thought of doing something like this before! I live by a big stand of woods so I imagine these critters have a lot of places to dig into naturally. It would be fun to see the bees though! This could be a cute project for kids in school too!

  2. Rachel
    RachelSeptember 26,12

    What a great idea! I love that it is both beautiful and functional. I make little ‘fairy shrines’ in my yard for fun and I bet they would love camping out with their bug friends in a fancy ‘hotel’ like this! So fun :)

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    affitti TorrebelvicinoDecember 1,12

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  4. Anna
    AnnaFebruary 6,13

    Love this. We have a Bee Motel for native Australian bees and we might just add this as another way to help the beneficial bugs – so gorgeous how you have stacked it! Some bees also like to nest in paper drinking straws which can be bundled tightly together too.

  5. Danijela
    DanijelaFebruary 24,13

    Poor earwigs. Just because they’re not as cute as ladybugs, we don’t want them around… But they do lots of good & helpful things in our gardens, people… I’ll find some extra “b&b space” for the ones in my garden this winter.

  6. Rebecca
    RebeccaMarch 26,13

    Fantastic. I have an old wooden CD rack and wanted a good use for it. I wanted to make a bug hotel but was confused as to what to put in it. This page has just shown me, Thank you :)

  7. Shari
    ShariApril 17,13

    Hi, where does one find bamboo?

    • Stevie
      StevieApril 17,13

      Hi Shari, if you don’t know someone with a bamboo plant who will share, try a nursery or hardware store. Both should carry them in the garden stake sections.

    • Eric White
      Eric WhiteMarch 7,16

      Try your local Garden Centre, they normally sell for 20 – 30 pence each. Be careful cutting them because they can splinter.

  8. Sherwood Botsford
    Sherwood BotsfordApril 26,13

    Love the idea.
    Alternatives to bamboo:
    Delphinium stalks, sunflower stalks, cow parsley stalks. Maybe rhubarb seed head stalks.

    I was thinking of taking a pallet, screwing a bunch of nursery pots to the face of it, and stuffing each pot with something, then attaching the pallet to a fence post.

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  10. Mark
    MarkAugust 3,13

    Am currently making one of these… Was going to buy one and then decided tht it would be more rewarding to make my own… Going to lock woods tomorrow to get twigs nod pine cones…

  11. Mark
    MarkAugust 3,13

    I mean local woods!

  12. James Mann
    James MannAugust 11,13

    I have already started to build a ladybug and beneficial insect hotel. Hope to have it done before the end of today so I can get it out next to the garden. I think I will attach mine to the side of our garden shed as it’s just a few feet from the garden.

  13. Sarah @ 2paws Designs
    Sarah @ 2paws DesignsAugust 26,13

    What a neat idea! Found via Pinterest and will be saving for a future weekend project. I’m betting my 4yo will love helping with and keeping an eye on this. Thanks for the tutorial! :)

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  16. EcoBrotes
    EcoBrotesApril 8,14

    Very nice project. Congrats! A wonderful way to encourage natural enemies in the garden.

  17. Andy
    AndyJune 10,14

    This is a very pretty insect hotel but I have just one suggestion – put some wire mesh on the front of it. We make a lot of different styles for our own garden and have made films and written blogs about them. However, before we used wire, we did get birds trying to build nests in them. Birds also use them as self-service restaurants, i.e. when they are full of bugs they tend to form an automat. When birds build nests, they pull out all the bamboo and other materials and then try to affix a nest to the back wall, which usually results in disaster as the hotel is not deep enough, so in effect the wire is good for them too! All the best Andy

    • canny098
      canny098December 1,15

      cool feed back

  18. Stephanie
    StephanieJune 11,14

    Great feedback Andy!

  19. Maureen Schwersensky
    Maureen SchwersenskyJune 25,14


    Greetings from California where I am a Montessori teacher. Next week I am presenting this as a project for our children ages 3-8. We have had everything but the last piece of wood put together for them and have been gathering all kinds of things to put in them. We should be making around 50! Thanks for the idea. I’m excited to do it with them!
    Maureen Schwersensky

  20. Lynn Coulter
    Lynn CoulterJuly 24,14

    What a great way to help keep beneficial insects in your garden! We’re sharing this on The Home Depot Garden Club Pinterest board! Lynn 4 THD

  21. Tam
    TamMay 11,15

    thank you for sharing!!! amazing idea for this weekend project

  22. London Insect Expert
    London Insect ExpertAugust 7,15

    What an excellent job you did, it looks fantastic! I’ve been quite interested in insect hotels and beneficial activities to support healthy bug activity. Have you reached any results yet?
    What you said about the “bad bugs”, it’s true – you can’t be sure.
    However, spiders are nature’s pest control and if you manage to attract them you will have little worry about pests. Dead leaves on the ground and bushy plants do a great job at that.

  23. Colorful Canary
    Colorful CanaryFebruary 24,16

    Thanks for the great tutorial! I featured it on ColorfulCanary!

  24. Chris
    ChrisMarch 19,16

    One of the projects on my to-do list for this spring. I have the 4 x 4 blocks of wood with the holes drilled in but one problem is how to keep the holes clean after the bees leave them. I like the idea of using bamboo sticks instead. They can be replaced at the beginning of the season with fresh ones to keep it all clean for the bees. We have a lot of woodpeckers here so I’ll be making my box a little deeper and putting hardware cloth on the front to keep them from eating all the hotel guests.

  25. Trixie
    TrixieMay 17,16

    Most biting insects are very opposed to Cedar, so using that rather than other rot resistant materials should deter most things you’d rather not rent a bed to!

  26. Joyce Smittkamp
    Joyce SmittkampJune 2,16

    Is it best to place in sun or shade or does it matter?

    • Stephanie Rose
      Stephanie RoseJune 2,16

      Joyce, it rains so much here in the winter I didn’t even think of that! Shade, please. Keep the critters from getting too hot while sleeping.

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  28. DaveP
    DavePOctober 30,16

    I made something like this considerably larger and much less pretty for anoles to winter over in North Florida. Worked well until a momma rat decided to move in:(
    I think I’ll try a smaller project like this.

  29. Sharon
    SharonNovember 16,16

    Bug Hotel…Hmm. Well, I like how the other bugs keep the bad bugs away definitely.

  30. louis
    louisJune 7,17

    Thank you for sharing such a wonderful and amazing post,and where it provides useful information about pest control services.

  31. Martin Lois
    Martin LoisJuly 25,17

    Nice post

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