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How To Start A Garden from Scratch Without Breaking the Bank

From bare soil to a lush garden in just months, learn how to start a garden you LOVE without spending more than $25! This method can help you cultivate a lovely space you’ll enjoy for years to come. 

how to grow a garden from scratch

Across the alleyway, from my last home, I had good friends—almost family—who had a beautiful garden. My lovely neighbours rented the house and didn’t have a huge budget to start a garden from scratch so they devised a smart and frugal way to start an impressive garden without breaking the bank. And guess what? They did it in just a few months!

With this easy way to start a garden, they went from having an empty section of their backyard to a beautiful and plentiful garden within their first gardening season. They even continued to build it over the next 15 years.

Mixed Border planting perennials

That’s right, 15 years!

What started in one season became an incredible space full of lush plants, gorgeous flowers, and edible vegetables in the easiest way possible: from planting a seed.

How To Start A Garden

There is no single correct way to start a garden.

I have certainly developed my own gardening style and techniques, some of which are a bit unconventional, I’ll admit. Likely because gardening was not a skill that was passed down to me. I’m a self-taught gardener who picked up bits and bobs from the other brilliant gardeners out there in the world.

One of my favourite ways to learn is to walk through the back alleys in my neighborhood and talk to people out in their yards gardening. When I watch and learn from other gardeners, even if they don’t speak a word of English, I’m adding generations of tried-and-true gardening advice from those who are successful at gardening.

Sooke Harbour House

I think about my neighbor’s garden design plan often and have used it to successfully start my own garden beds.

Street-Side lush Garden Bed

A Freestyle Garden Anyone Can Plant

After I discovered how easy it is to start a garden from scratch without hardly any education or knowledge, I just had to share it with you!

The concept is pretty simple.

Grab some packages of mixed seeds. You can budget whatever you need to for the seeds but it shouldn’t cost you more than $20 (especially when you can get 500 mixed seeds for just $8).

Choose perennials and annuals, wildflowers and edible plants, whatever you think will be a good mix for your space. You prep the soil, scatter the seeds, and then watch the garden grow!

Driftwood in the garden

“But,” you say, “what about spacing and design and putting the tall plants at the back border?!”

Never fear friends, what begins as a haphazard sowing turns into a process of refinement. As you tend to your garden, you can remove or move plants, and you can add more too.

Over the first season you can work together with your garden, collaborate on what is working (or not working) for you both. And remember, you are the boss and have the final say. If something isn’t working for you, you get to compost it!

How To Start A Garden On A Budget

I’ll break it down into easy steps so you can learn and see how easy it is to start a garden completely from scratch.

Mixed Edible and Ornamental Garden bed


1. Pick the Seeds

The very first step is to pick out the best seeds you can while sticking to your budget.

You can handpick the seeds you want to grow or buy a mix of seeds created for a variety of garden types: cutting flowers, butterfly/bee/hummingbird mixes, wildflowers, perennials, etc. Here are some ideas:

My best advice is to get your seeds locally. Find a mix that is made for your area and ask the seller or store clerk if there are any invasive species in the mix, how long they take to germinate, and which ones will flower in the first year.

Look for seeds that suit your soil conditions (see how to do an at-home soil test here) and pick the right flowers for sun, part sun, or shade.

2. Prepare the Soil

After you pick out the perfect seeds, it’s time to prep your soil. Garden soil preparation is pretty simple!

Building great soil is essential to building a great garden. You don’t need to truck in a bunch of organic soil- you can find amendments right in your own backyard.

Add well-rotted compost to the garden bed and loosen the top 12-18” of soil. Mix the compost in well and leave the soil loose and fluffy.

If you aren’t composting yet, get started because you could be creating your own backyard gold! Read: A Compost Recipe to Demystify Composting.

3. Plant the Seeds 

Planting seeds in your garden is a lot easier than you might think.

Mix the seed packets together and scatter them liberally in the prepared bed. Cover with a thin layer of garden soil and that’s it! 

Mixed Coleus

4. Water Well

Keep the garden bed well-watered as the seeds are germinating and sprouting. This garden should be damp in most cases, not drying out for days at a time. Your seeds and young plants need lots of water to get started, but soon, they will be able to last longer as they grow roots to reach the damp soil below. Read more in this article: Mindful Garden Watering: Balancing Water Use and Conservation.

Stephanie Rose Garden Therapy watering garden

5. Thin out the Garden

Dense planting like this will require thinning, but it is very easy to do.

As you see the seeds begin to sprout, make sure that they have room to spread out by pinching off those you don’t want. If you are a fairly new gardener, you may not know what the flower will be until it blooms.

Word of advice: Don’t be too hasty with thinning, as you want to give the many varieties a chance to grow and thrive.

Miniature black eyed susan rudbeckia from seed

6. Observe and Clean up

This planting method doesn’t come with a plan- you make it up as the garden grows! Observe what is growing and flowering and ask yourself what you like and what you could happily be rid of.

You should have enough flowers growing that you can simply pull up and compost those that don’t suit you. As you continue to go through the garden and making room by removing plants or flowers that you are not wanting, it will continue to produce more of what you love.

Over the years you can choose what you like in the garden and propagate more of those plants using some of these methods:

echinacea purple coneflower from seed

7. Harvest and Enjoy!

After you follow all of these steps and allowing a season or two of growth, you’ll have this beautiful and lush garden full of all the vegetables and flowers you dreamed of having. Now is the time to enjoy all your hard work!

Gorgeous mixed flower border

Final Thoughts: How To Start A Garden from Scratch

Now that you can see how easy and budget-friendly it is to start your own garden with a seed starting mix, can you just picture your dream garden coming to life? All you need is a soil base piece of land, $25, and the motivation to grow your own harvest!

If you are looking for some ideas on what to do with some of your harvested flowers from your cutting garden, take a look at some of these flower arrangements:


  1. This article just made everything so clear and I am anxious to plant my hillside! Thank you for a great website.

  2. Thank you very much. I think I Will still be able the plant then on the posts for out Tiny house non soil based land.

  3. Still cold here but my grandson and I are so anxious to plant our vegetables…he into herbs, me into tomatoes and brocc. As usual, your information is so easy to understand and encouraging. Thanks for being here for us.


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